Un Sustainability Agreement

Education for Sustainable Development (SED) is explicitly recognized in the SDGs as part of the SDG`s 4.7 goal for education. UNESCO promotes Global Civic Education (GCED) as a complementary approach. [70] At the same time, it is important to stress the importance of ESD for the other 16 SDGs. With the overall goal of developing cross-cutting sustainable development skills among learners, ESD is an essential contribution to all efforts to achieve the SDGs. This would enable individuals to contribute to sustainable development by encouraging social, economic and political change and changing their own behaviour. [71] The Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 by the 196 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at COP21 in Paris. In this agreement, all countries agreed to limit the increase in global temperature to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and to aim for 1.5 degrees Celsius in the face of serious risks. Implementation of the Paris Agreement is essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and contains a roadmap to combat climate change, reduce emissions and build resilience to climate change. Its 193 member states and global civil society participated in the UN-led process.

The resolution is a comprehensive intergovernmental agreement that serves as a post-2015 development agenda. The SDGs are based on the principles of Inresolution A/RES/66/288, entitled “The Future We Want.” [122] This was a non-binding document published following the 2012 Rio-20 conference. [122] The agreement is ambitious and provides all the instruments we need to combat climate change, reduce emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. This agreement is a clear invitation from governments to be ready to implement the 2030 sustainable development agenda. The agreement not only formalizes the process of drawing up national plans, but also contains a binding commitment to assess and review progress made under these plans. This mechanism will require countries to constantly update their commitments and ensure that there is no regression. The environmental requirements and limits of the planets are under-represented within the SDGs. For example, “Making the Sustainable Development Goals with Sustainability”[130] indicates that the way current SDGs are structured leads to a negative correlation between environmental sustainability and the SDGs.